Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Testing
How to check your Alanine Aminotransferase levels with a home fingerprick blood test kit
What Is An Alanine Aminotransferase Test For?
An Alanine Aminotransferase test is also known as a Serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) test.
The Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Test allows you to accurately check your levels of Alanine Aminotransferase in a fingerprick blood sample.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme mainly found in your liver. ALT is used by your body to break down food into energy, with levels in the blood normally low.
Following liver damage, the levels of ALT in your blood will rise making it a useful means to indicate liver problems.
Fluctuation of ALT levels is normal over the course of the day, and can also increase in response to strenuous physical exercise.
What If Alanine Aminotransferase Test Levels Are High?
This does not automatically mean that medical problems exist.
ALT levels can be high when the liver is dealing with infection or even hard to digest foods. Strenuous exercise may increase ALT concentration as can certain drugs, like paracetamol or alcohol.
A moderately high ALT can also occur if you have fatty liver disease. The risk of this is increased by high alcohol intake, diabetes and increased serum triglycerides.
Persistently high levels of ALT are associated with numerous metabolic disorders and should be investigated further.
Very high concentrations of ALT greater than four times the highest normal level are usually due to chronic or acute hepatitis and you should seek medical advice immediately.
What If Alanine Aminotransferase Test Levels Are Low?
While most low ALT level results indicate a normal healthy liver, very low results could indicate a low or non functioning liver.
In the absence of other abnormal liver function tests a low result is unlikley to represent a problem. But if you are concerned or have other symptoms please review with a medical professional.
How To Test Alanine Aminotransferase?
You can check your Alanine Aminotransferase levels by buying a home fingerprick blood test kit from just £39 using the following test kit:
Other Biomarkers Often Tested With Alanine Aminotransferase
Alanine Aminotransferase: Further Reading & Citations
To learn more about testing for Alanine Aminotransferase you may wish to review the following sources:
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Clark JM, Brancati FL, Diehl AM. The prevalence and etiology of elevated aminotransferase levels in the United States. Am J Gastroenterol 2003; 98: 960-967.
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